US 7 1851 1¢ Franklin A5

7


Scott#7 1c Benjamin Franklin 1851 Type II Used

$12.50 (8 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Sep-22-2019 12:03:06 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

US #7 Used 1 Cent Blue Franklin Imperforate

$0.99 (1 Bid)
End Date: Tuesday Sep-24-2019 17:45:01 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Scott # 7 Mint Original Gum Unused CV $300

$11.50 (6 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Sep-22-2019 18:38:39 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

USA Scott #7, 1851, 1c bl (Type II), Franklin, Used

$65.00
End Date: Monday Oct-14-2019 13:25:21 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $65.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US #7

$67.00
End Date: Tuesday Sep-24-2019 23:08:24 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $67.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used VF SCV $125

$79.95
End Date: Friday Oct-18-2019 16:33:13 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $79.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US #7 Used VF

$103.00
End Date: Friday Oct-11-2019 8:34:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $103.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1851 1c Franklin Type II 'Big Crack' Reconstruction Used VF SCV $1690

$1,399.95
End Date: Sunday Oct-13-2019 17:09:23 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,399.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott 7 1851 1c Franklin Used VF "Curl in Hair" Cat $1,100 w/ CERTIFICATE! RARE!

$534.99
End Date: Friday Oct-11-2019 13:00:00 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $534.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

GENUINE SCOTT #7 USED 1851 TYPE-II PAIR APS CERT EXPERTLY PLATED POS. 77-78R2

$198.00
End Date: Thursday Oct-17-2019 11:29:44 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $198.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used VF SCV $125

$99.95
End Date: Wednesday Sep-25-2019 17:00:55 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $99.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US Scott # 7 strip of three

$160.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Wednesday Sep-25-2019 8:07:29 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

US #7, 1¢ blue, type II, used, VF, Scott $125.00

$75.00
End Date: Sunday Oct-6-2019 10:12:16 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $75.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used VF SCV $125

$79.95
End Date: Thursday Sep-26-2019 16:42:13 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $79.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott #7, Used, F - VF, SCV $125

$49.00
End Date: Wednesday Oct-2-2019 14:53:42 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $49.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott 7 1851 1c Franklin Type II Imperforate Issue Used Light Cancel Cat $125

$32.99
End Date: Friday Oct-11-2019 14:00:25 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $32.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott 7 - 1 Cent Franklin - Used - Nice Imperf Stamp - SCV - $125.00

$110.00
End Date: Saturday Oct-19-2019 12:27:44 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $110.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used XF

$149.95
End Date: Monday Oct-7-2019 17:56:47 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $149.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott #7 Franklin Imperf Used Stamp (Stock #7-10)

$126.50
End Date: Monday Sep-23-2019 18:42:36 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $126.50
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used XF SCV $140

$129.95
End Date: Wednesday Oct-2-2019 15:14:08 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $129.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used SCV $125

$99.95
End Date: Wednesday Sep-25-2019 16:25:14 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $99.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used Fine SCV $125

$39.95
End Date: Saturday Oct-5-2019 15:58:45 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $39.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used VF SCV $125

$89.95
End Date: Wednesday Oct-2-2019 15:14:55 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $89.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott #7 Franklin Imperf Used Stamp (Stock #7-11)

$109.95
End Date: Monday Sep-23-2019 18:42:37 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $109.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used F-VF SCV $125

$79.95
End Date: Thursday Oct-10-2019 17:38:49 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $79.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Unused XF RG? SCV $1000

$399.95
End Date: Monday Oct-7-2019 19:54:44 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $399.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used Fine appr SCV $145

$42.95
End Date: Thursday Oct-17-2019 9:52:07 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $42.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

SCOTT# 7 VAR USED TYPE II, PLATE 3, POSN 1L3, 1856, RICHARD CELLER CERT.

$575.00
End Date: Tuesday Oct-1-2019 6:06:15 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $575.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

SCOTT# 7 USED 1c FRANKLIN LT GRID CANCEL, 1851, APEX & PSE CERTS GRADED 95!

$750.00
End Date: Tuesday Oct-1-2019 6:06:19 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $750.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott #7, 1c Blue, USED, VF or XF, "Chicago 1856" cds, 2011 PSE (90), SMQ $325

$165.00
End Date: Monday Oct-14-2019 14:07:40 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $165.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott #7 Franklin Imperf Used Stamp (Stock #7-20)

$63.99
End Date: Thursday Oct-17-2019 3:09:43 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $63.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used VF SCV $135

$94.95
End Date: Wednesday Oct-9-2019 15:12:41 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $94.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used Pair F-VF Position 59-60 R1E SCV $290

$222.95
End Date: Wednesday Oct-9-2019 15:14:58 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $222.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used VF SCV $135

$115.95
End Date: Friday Oct-18-2019 9:40:17 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $115.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used F-VF SCV $125

$39.95
End Date: Wednesday Oct-2-2019 14:21:08 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $39.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US Scott #7 Used VF/XF 1851 1c Blue

$140.00
End Date: Saturday Oct-12-2019 10:05:43 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $140.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

KAPPYS JKESL-S-0004 SCOTT 7 $0.01 FRANKLIN NH

$435.95
End Date: Friday Oct-18-2019 16:35:15 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $435.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott 7 Mint Corner Sheet Margin Single (P1L2) NH OG Nice APEX Cert E$4000

$850.00
End Date: Friday Oct-11-2019 3:37:27 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $850.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

SCOTT# 7 VAR USED 1c, 1851, GREEN CCL, STITCH WATERMARK VAR, 2016 PF CERT.

$565.00
End Date: Tuesday Oct-1-2019 6:12:10 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $565.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

SC# 7 PR USED 1c, 1851 POS 29, 30 RIE, FANCY MS CCLS PF CERT LOOK

$320.00
End Date: Tuesday Oct-1-2019 4:14:24 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $320.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott #7 Franklin Imperf Strip of 3 Used Pos 41-43R1E (Stock #7-16)

$249.99
End Date: Monday Sep-23-2019 18:42:36 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $249.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

drbobstamps US Scott #7 Used Stamp on Piece Cat $125

$45.00
End Date: Sunday Oct-13-2019 17:00:14 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $45.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used Light Cancel VF SCV $110

$74.95
End Date: Monday Oct-7-2019 13:59:12 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $74.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Strip of 3 w/Grid Cancel F-VF SCV $525

$429.95
End Date: Saturday Sep-28-2019 10:13:27 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $429.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott 7 1851 1c Franklin Type II Imperforate Issue Used VF PAID Cancel Cat $125

$73.99
End Date: Friday Oct-11-2019 13:30:21 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $73.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US #7 Franklin 1851-57 blue Cancel USED XF CHOICE cv=750.00 -7

$480.00
End Date: Saturday Sep-28-2019 15:43:47 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $480.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US Stamp Scott# 7 Franklin 1851-57 L268

$105.50
End Date: Wednesday Sep-25-2019 14:54:24 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $105.50
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Mint VF OG H SCV $1000

$499.95
End Date: Wednesday Sep-25-2019 16:24:37 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $499.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US Stamps, Scott #7 1851 1c 'used' 2005 PSE Cert GC XF/Sup 95 "Jumbo"

$1,050.00
End Date: Tuesday Oct-1-2019 13:51:05 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,050.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott #7 Franklin Used PLATE 3 Pos. 92L3 with PF Cert (Stock #7-28)

$375.00
End Date: Monday Sep-30-2019 11:20:56 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $375.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used Strip of 3 F-VF appr SCV $525

$189.95
End Date: Tuesday Sep-24-2019 15:16:31 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $189.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

$US Sc#7 RARE, used, F-VF, Doporto Certs, sm. faults, Cv. $2400++

$1,999.99
End Date: Friday Oct-18-2019 10:16:19 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,999.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US #7 1¢ blue, type II, Block of 4, unused no gum, creases, scarce, Scott $5,500

$1,325.00
End Date: Friday Oct-4-2019 7:38:58 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,325.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US #7 1c Blue 1851 ty II Used VF Crisp & Fresh Stunning

$187.50
End Date: Monday Oct-7-2019 10:04:55 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $187.50
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott #7 Franklin Imperf Plate #3 Used Stamp Pos 14L3 (Stock #7-18)

$259.99
End Date: Wednesday Oct-2-2019 6:22:07 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $259.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US #7v 1¢ blue, Type II Pl 3, used face free cancel, PF certificate, rich color

$575.00
End Date: Friday Oct-4-2019 7:42:21 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $575.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott #7 Franklin Used PLATE 3 Pos. 5L3 with PF Cert (Stock #7-27)

$335.00
End Date: Monday Sep-30-2019 11:18:45 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $335.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

EXCEPTIONAL GENUINE SCOTT #7 USED 1851 TYPE-II GREEN CANCEL PSE CERT SCV $525

$377.10
End Date: Monday Sep-30-2019 6:22:55 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $377.10
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used Strip of 3 F-VF NICE SHADE! SCV $525

$274.95
End Date: Thursday Oct-17-2019 10:00:49 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $274.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used Position 91L1E Triple Transfer 1 Inverted Fine SCV $400

$220.95
End Date: Thursday Oct-17-2019 10:19:57 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $220.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US #7 Var Unused POS 12L2 CRACKED PLATE UR Cat $1,450

$550.00
End Date: Thursday Oct-10-2019 9:08:16 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $550.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used Pair F-VF w/Black Grids SCV $290

$199.95
End Date: Wednesday Oct-2-2019 11:52:47 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $199.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US Scott#7 1851 1c type II, plate 1E, sharp impression, late1851 NYC slug cancel

$110.00
End Date: Tuesday Sep-24-2019 9:56:42 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $110.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used Strip of 3 w/ Blue/Green Victoria (TX?) CDS SCV $425+

$299.95
End Date: Saturday Sep-28-2019 17:20:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $299.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

U.S. Stamps Scott #7 Pair,TypeII,Used,VG,Tear At bottom (P8082N)

$65.00
End Date: Sunday Oct-13-2019 15:17:44 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $65.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

KAPPYSSTAMPS 15677 SCOTT 7 $0.01 FRANKLIN USED CV $185

$55.45
End Date: Saturday Oct-19-2019 12:51:20 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $55.45
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US Sc # 7 Pair Stamp H NG Franklin 1c 1851

$399.00
End Date: Saturday Oct-19-2019 20:30:12 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $399.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott #7 Franklin Used Imperf Stamp PLATE 3 with PF Cert (Stock #7-29)

$399.75
End Date: Monday Sep-30-2019 11:22:35 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $399.75
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US #7v 1¢ blue, type II, Plate 3, og, LH, scarce & VF, PSE cert Scott $9,000

$4,950.00
End Date: Saturday Oct-5-2019 9:32:05 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $4,950.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

KAPPYSSTAMPS 15678 SCOTT 7 $0.01 FRANKLIN USED CV $185

$85.45
End Date: Saturday Oct-19-2019 12:51:21 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $85.45
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used F-VF Type II w/ Black Grid Cancel SCV $125

$89.95
End Date: Tuesday Sep-24-2019 17:07:10 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $89.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used F-VF w/ Manuscript Cancel SCV $125

$44.95
End Date: Thursday Sep-26-2019 17:04:06 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $44.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

U.S. stamp Scott # 7, used, unhinged, fine

$175.00
End Date: Monday Oct-14-2019 22:02:54 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $175.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1851 1c Franklin Pair Huge 4 Margin Selvage VF SCV $350

$199.95
End Date: Thursday Oct-17-2019 10:25:53 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $199.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used with Red Grid Cancel VF SCV $125

$99.95
End Date: Sunday Oct-13-2019 9:59:26 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $99.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

$US Sc#7 used, fine, Pos4L2, Cv. $125

$59.99
End Date: Monday Oct-14-2019 12:00:14 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $59.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US Stamps - Sc# 7 - Used - Light Cancel (J-114)

$35.00
End Date: Wednesday Oct-9-2019 13:25:30 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $35.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

[mag855]1851 Scott#7 1c Blue Type II Position 2L4 *SUPERB* see Expertise WEISS

$1,150.00
End Date: Saturday Sep-21-2019 11:22:18 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,150.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US Stamp Scott# 7 Franklin 1851-57 LG1

$42.50
End Date: Thursday Sep-26-2019 16:30:34 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $42.50
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US Stamps - Sc# 7 - Ty II - Very Light Cancel - Plate 1E (?) (A-873)

$250.00
End Date: Thursday Oct-17-2019 9:55:17 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $250.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Unused Single VF-XF OG H SCV $1050+

$749.95
End Date: Saturday Sep-21-2019 13:42:58 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $749.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US #7, Mint 1c VF-XF WITH PART OG Cat $1,200.00

$425.00
End Date: Thursday Oct-10-2019 8:52:30 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $425.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Scott #7 Franklin Mint Imperf Strip of 5 Pos 36-40R2 (Stock #7-25)

$1,795.00
End Date: Saturday Sep-21-2019 19:48:22 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,795.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Mint VF-XF OG H SCV $1000

$799.95
End Date: Thursday Sep-26-2019 15:05:57 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $799.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

GP GOLDPATH US STAMP SC# 7 USED FINE VF, PAIR CAT $48 _GP_02

$7.50 (1 Bid)
End Date: Saturday Sep-21-2019 19:17:36 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used VF Type II w/ NY CDS SCV $125

$89.95
End Date: Monday Sep-23-2019 17:57:11 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $89.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US #7, 1¢ blue, type II, margin single, used, very attractive, Scott $125.00

$75.00
End Date: Monday Sep-30-2019 7:24:01 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $75.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US Stamps - Sc# 7 - Ty II - Pos. 2L2 - "The Big Crack" - '02 PSE Cert. (A-874)

$575.00
End Date: Thursday Oct-17-2019 9:58:41 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $575.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US Stamps - Sc# 7 - 1c Fanklin - Sound - Unused, No Gum $375 (A-897)

$110.00
End Date: Saturday Oct-19-2019 15:33:56 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $110.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

U.S. Stamps Scott #7 Used,F-VF, BLue Paid Cancel, Double Transfer (G9336N)

$95.00
End Date: Tuesday Sep-24-2019 17:34:20 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $95.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

GENUINE SCOTT #7 F-VF USED 1851 BLUE PLATE-1 TYPE-II TOWN CANCEL

$79.20
End Date: Saturday Sep-21-2019 7:49:43 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $79.20
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US Sc# 7 *MINT OG H* { TYPE II 1c FRANKLIN } "SCARCE OF 1851 SERIES CV$ 1,200.00

$175.00
End Date: Saturday Sep-28-2019 14:12:59 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $175.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

KAPPYS JKESL-S-0035 SCOTT 7 $0.01 FRANKLIN USED LIGHT CANCEL/REMOVED NO GUM

$95.95
End Date: Friday Oct-18-2019 16:39:59 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $95.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

EDW1949SELL : USA 1851 Scott #7 Used. Blue cds cancel. Few minor thins. Cat $157

$35.99
End Date: Thursday Oct-3-2019 23:28:15 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $35.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

$US Sc#7 used, fine, Pos 4R1L, Doporto Cert. Cv. $350

$174.99
End Date: Friday Oct-18-2019 12:06:37 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $174.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

GENUINE SCOTT #7 1851 TYPE-II TOWN CANCEL SCV $135 - ESTATE SALE

$39.60
End Date: Monday Oct-14-2019 10:37:29 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $39.60
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US Sc#7 Used VF, Rare POS. 10R1E Doporto Cert. 2mm Crease At Bottom, Cv. $2000

$899.99
End Date: Thursday Oct-17-2019 12:53:36 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $899.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

US 7 1c Franklin Used w/Red CDS Cancel F-VF SCV $120

$84.95
End Date: Monday Oct-7-2019 14:02:45 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $84.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1851-56 1c US Stamp Scott #7 VG/F used/hinge/pen cancel TMM*

$79.99
End Date: Wednesday Sep-25-2019 20:33:06 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $79.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

$US Sc#7 used, average type II imperf pair Pos 79-80R2, Cv. $275

$119.99
End Date: Monday Oct-14-2019 12:09:19 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $119.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

 

Scott US 7 1851 1¢ Franklin

First Day of Issue: July 1, 1857
Quantity issued: 12,300,000 (estimate)
Printed by: Toppan, Carpenter & Co.
Printing Method: Flat plate
Watermark: None
Perforation: Imperforate
Color: Blue

In 1851, Congress diminished postal rates. These new rates for all intents and purposes dispensed with separation as a component and made a requirement for new categories. The 1¢ stamp was utilized on all mail up to 3 ounces and on “drop letters” which were sent to the same town. The single letter rate, taking into account a half ounce, was changed to 3¢ for mail not over a separation of 3,000 miles. Mail surpassing this separation was brought down to 6¢. In 1855, the rate for letters more than 3,000 miles changed to 10¢.

Prepayment was still discretionary. On the off chance that postage was paid by the recipient upon receipt, the rate was higher. Because of expanded gather rates, the utilization of postage stamps was enormously invigorated. In 1855, pre-installment was made necessary.

Types

Sorts or mixed bags happen when a stamp has contrasts that differ from the way it was initially expected to be printed. These distinctions happen when the outline is being exchanged to the plate for printing or when lines are re-cut.

The outline is engraved on a pass on – a little, level bit of steel. The outline is replicated to an exchange roll – a clear move of steel. A few impressions or “reliefs” are made on the roll. The reliefs are exchanged to the plate – an expansive, level bit of steel from which the stamps are printed. At the point when the outline is being exchanged to the move or plate, contrasts can happen. A harmed plate or outside matter reasons contrasts. Lines re-cut on a ragged plate can bring about twofold lines.

U.S. #7 is the Series of 1857-61 1¢ Franklin Type II. The top and primary concerns are finished. The top decorations may be removed, and base of lower parchments and tufts are missing.